Water Suppy and Wells

Knowing depth to groundwater and direction of groundwater flow helps identify risks to water resources. Understanding site characteristics and locations of potential contamination sources are important first steps in safeguarding groundwater beneath the facility. Surface slope does not always indicate the direction a pollutant might flow once it gets into the ground. In shallow aquifers, groundwater flow often is in the same direction as surface water flow. If the aquifer supplying water to your well is deep below the surface, however, its slope may be different than that of the land surface. There are several ways to find out about groundwater depth, soil type, bedrock type, and other features below the ground. If you have them, check your well-drilling records or a neighbor's records. Ask a local well driller. Well drilling records can be obtained from the Kansas Geological Survey's (KGS's) Website at www.kgs.ku.edu/Magellan/WaterWell. The KGS also maintains groundwater maps and geologic bulletins (www.kgs.ku.edu). The Kansas Natural Resources Conservation Service maintains soil surveys for each county. County soil surveys may be useful for determining the geology and appropriate uses of a site. If you live within one of the five Kansas groundwater management districts, contact your local district for information.
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